What is acne?
Acne is one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases. Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. Severe acne is inflammatory, however acne can also manifest in non-inflammatory forms.
Most often occurs in adolescence and youth, but it can also be in adults. Acne is characterized by increased oily skin, black spots, red acne, pustules, and there may be age spots and even scars. In both sexes, hormones called androgens appear to be part of the underlying mechanism, by causing increased production of sebum. Another frequent factor is excessive growth of the bacterium Cutibacterium acnes, which is normally present on the skin.
In 2015, acne was estimated to affect 633 million people globally, making it the 8th most common disease worldwide. Acne commonly occurs in adolescence and affects an estimated 80–90% of teenagers in the Western world.
What are the black dots?
Black dots are the oxidized surface of fatty plugs that clog skin pores with increased sebaceous gland function. The contact of fat with air causes oxidative processes, as a result of which the fat darkens. The oxidized fat plug hardens, making it difficult for fat to reach the surface of the skin, which promotes the growth of bacteria and provokes an inflammatory process. The area of skin around the fat plug swells and turns red, a pustular formation appears, which is called acne or eel. With a large number of such formations, they speak of an abscess (acne) rash – acne.
Causes of acne
The most recent research shows the following main causes of acne:
- hormonal imbalances – an increase in testosterone (which accrues in both genders during puberty) causes the follicular glands to grow larger and produce more sebum.
- taking steroid drugs – has similar causes as for hormonal imbalances.
- improper nutrition and lack of vitamins and minerals – as it lowers the ability of our organism to fight toxins.
- abuse of decorative cosmetics – makeup is often oil-based, which leads to blockage of the skin pores and an increased occurrence of acne.
- non-observance of personal hygiene rules – if dirt and make-up is not removed that might lead to blockage of skin pores.
- excessive and improper use of cosmetics – when the natural lipid balance of the skin is out of shape, the skin produces an over-abundance of sebum – sending sebaceous glands into overdrive, which can result in acne. A lot of ingredients used in skincare industry are actually stimulating acne.
- diseases of internal organs – lowers the ability of organism to fight toxins.
- stressful situations – scientific research indicates that “increased acne severity” is “significantly associated with increased stress levels”
- harmful effects of the environment – lowers the ability of organism to fight toxins.
Top 8 suggestions of dr. Stavro for treating acne
#1 Proper cleansing. Do not use aggressive, highly drying skin products – like soap, foam, etc, because in response to this cleansing, the sebaceous glands will produce even more sebum and you will end up in a never-ending circle. Ideally you should use a mild cleansing milk, which should be washed off with the help of water moisturized cosmetic sponge.
#2 No abrasive scrubs. Remember that if there are inflammatory elements on the skin, then you must not use abrasive scrubs. And as for peelings – you should use either enzyme or acid peelings – masks.
#3 Acidity of skin. Tonics, for skin care with acne, ideally should have an acidic environment, i.e. the pH level of the agent is desirable around 5.5 and below. In an acidic environment, microorganisms feel uncomfortable and are not able to multiply, thus we prevent the further spread of infection.
#4 Proper skincare products. It is imperative to strengthen your natural skin protective barrier. The best solution is to use corneotherapy cosmetics, that are ideal at strengthening the protective barrier of skin!
#5 Proper skincare procedures. Consult a cosmetologist for suitable skincare procedures (chemical peels, medical cleansing, microdermabrasion, laser procedures) but remember that properly selected home care and the right lifestyle are the main solutions to the problem.
#6 Avoid polluted places. Refrain from staying in heavily polluted rooms, avoid being on roads with high traffic density.
#7 No milk and sweets! Eliminate from your diet for a period of at least 6 months products from fresh cow’s milk and sweets TOTALLY!
#8 Mental hygiene. Try not to let your toxic thoughts spoil your mood. Meditation, an active lifestyle are good helpers in solving the problem of acne.