Doctors say that the problem of sensitive skin is so significant that this phenomenon of the 21st century can no longer be hidden.

Have you already faced the problem of choice of the skin care products? You restrain yourself from your favorite daily activities – swimming pool, makeup, sauna and hot bath. Do you know how it feels like?

However, everything is not always so obvious, and not everybody knows that he/she has sensitive skin.

Dehydrated skin, couperosis, inflammation, premature aging may be the signs of sensitive skin. Therefore, misdiagnosis is one of the reasons why the number of cases of sensitive skin is inexorably growing.

Redness. The most likely sign of the sensitive skin is its reaction with redness to changes in temperature or after washing.

Sloughing and itching. Sensitive skin often sloughs. There may be tingling or even itching. The skin is often being tightened after water procedures.

Wrinkles. Sensitive skin is always dehydrated. It may contain a sufficient amount of sebum, but the moisture content is always insufficient. The first wrinkles that appear due to skin dehydration are often tremblingly perceived as the first signs of aging, and people become obsessed with cosmetic moisturizing procedures or injections. And how wrong it is…

Inflammation. If the protective properties of the skin are being impaired for a long period of time, acne can appear on the skin. If we are not talking about adolescent, and there are rashes or pigmentation on the skin, then these problems are most probably associated with sensitive skin.

Couperosis. Many owners of the “red” face seek help to remove the enlarged vessels with a laser, but very often 50% of the redness is caused by the skin sensitivity rather than by enlarged vessels.

The main function of the skin is a protective function, which is represented by different levels and different mechanisms. The first protection level protects us from the harmful external action of physical and chemical factors, as well as from a large number of microorganisms that surround us. It is located on the surface of the skin and consists of a mixture of sebum, sweat and the microbial products that live on our skin. Everyone has probably heard of a healthy pH level of the skin, which should be in the range of 5.5. But, definitely, many still do not understand why this is so important. pH 5.5 is an acidic medium, and when pathogenic, harmful microorganisms get on our skin, they cannot multiply in this medium and therefore simply die. However, as soon as we begin intensively to wash the skin with cleansing agents such as gels and foams, we independently change the pH level to the alkaline medium in which the trapped microorganisms begin perfectly to multiply. Therefore, many teenagers have probably observed such a strange thing: the more they take care of their skin, the worse it becomes.

The second protection level (see photo) is the main protection level, which is the lipid barrier of the skin, which is already inside the skin, but not deep – in the uppermost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum lat.). The corneum layer is similar to a brick wall, where the skin cells play the role of bricks, and the lipid protective layer is similar to cement, which sticks these bricks together. The lipid barrier the same as the first protection level protects the skin from aggressive external influences, but, more importantly, this layer protects the skin from the loss of internal moisture, i.e. does not allow it to evaporate. In case of the lack of specific lipids, the holes appear in the protection, through which the aggressive effect of the external environment can damage the deeper layers of living cells. At the same time, water from the deeper layers of the skin is constantly evaporating. Therefore, the sensitive skin is always dehydrated and now it becomes clear that prior to the skin moisturization the “lipid holes should be filled” in order to prevent the moisture evaporation.

What should be done?

1. First of all, you need to stop making mistakes.

• do not use cosmetic products that continue to destroy the protective layer of the skin.

• do not use alkaline cleansers – foams, gels, soaps

• do not use products that contain aggressive emulsifiers

• minimize the contact with tap water, as the water becomes one of the most aggressive factors for the sensitive skin.

2. Avoid external aggressive factors.

• in case of sensitive skin avoid prolonged stay outside in cold weather, use special cloth protective masks when doing winter sports.

• avoid dry air, it irritates the skin. Use additional moisture in the premises, or more often use special moisturizers – facial sprays

• in the period of exacerbation, limit the stay in sauna and at least temporarily refrain yourself from visiting the pool.

• avoid long-term exposure to the sun. Ultraviolet is one of the most harmful external aggressive factors

• avoid staying in unventilated smoky rooms.

• avoid contact with evaporations of household and other chemicals.

3. Use corneotherapeitic cosmetic products that are designed for restoration and strengthening of the protective functions of the skin. (corneotherapy is the science of the health of the corneum layer). The skin is a unique organ, and its abilities to heal itself and regenerate are really great. 4-6 weeks of proper skin care result in full restoration of the skin barrier.

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